Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, presents clear, accessible explanations of the biomechanical principles of injury and how injuries affect the normal function of muscles, connective tissue, and joints. Noted biomechanists William Whiting and Ronald Zernicke guide readers through the mechanical concepts of musculoskeletal injuries without heavy emphasis on mathematics.
Almost 10 years after the publication of the first edition, this much-needed second edition has been vastly improved. Packed with more than 400 illustrations, including graphs and anatomical art (nearly twice as many as in the previous edition), Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, is an indispensable reference offering perspectives on and appreciation for the intricacies of injury mechanisms. The text provides a solid foundation for in-depth study with a comprehensive examination of these issues:
The mechanical aspects of injury and the concept of injury as a stimulus for beneficial tissue adaptations
How injury affects the normal function of the human musculoskeletal system and an examination of arthrology, or joint mechanics
Mechanical parameters such as force, stress and strain, stiffness, and elasticity and their application to tissue mechanics and injury
How connective tissues respond to mechanical loading and how those tissues are studied to quantify their mechanical behavior
Factors such as age, gender, nutrition, and exercise with emphasis on how lifestyle choices might lessen the chance or severity of injury
How the principles of mechanical load and overload, use and overuse, level and progression of injury, and the many contributory factors involved in injury combine to form a backdrop for viewing specific musculoskeletal injuries
Drawing on the information provided in previous chapters, the final section of the text covers the essentials of injuries of the lower extremity, upper extremity, and the head, neck, and trunk. New to the second edition, special sections titled “A Closer Look” present a detailed analysis of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, rotator cuff pathologies, and concussion. In addition, topics of current concern such as falls in older populations, throwing-related rotator cuff pathologies, and youth-related injuries from carrying backpacks are also discussed.
This new edition also employs updated design features to reinforce learning, including the addition of a second color to highlight new sections and special elements. The running glossary provides immediate access to definitions, thereby increasing reading comprehension. The improved index offers a quick-search feature for glossary word definitions, and expanded references provide direction for further study. Additionally, essay questions included at the end of each chapter help readers create logical flows of information pertinent to chapter contents. For instructors, an online instructor guide offers outlines of the topics that students should address to answer the chapter review questions. Also available to instructors is an online presentation package featuring the graphics from the text to be incorporated easily into lecture presentations.
By providing an understanding of injury mechanisms in all body regions, Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury, Second Edition, serves as a comprehensive resource to assist health professionals, researchers, and students with the proper diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal injuries.
Chapter 1. Overview and Perspectives on Injury
Definition of Injury
Perspectives on Injury
Chapter 2. Classification, Structure, and Function of Biological Tissues
Chapter 3. Biomechanics
Biomechanical Modeling and Simulation
Chapter 4. Tissue Biomechanics and Adaptation
Biomechanics of Bone
Adaptation of Bone
Biomechanics and Adaptation of Other Connective Tissues
Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle
Adaptation of Skeletal Muscle
Chapter 5. Concepts of Injury and Healing
An Overview of Injury Mechanisms
Principles of Injury
Inflammation and Entrapment Conditions
Injury in Bone
Injury in Other Connective Tissues
Injury in Joints
Chapter 6. Lower-Extremity Injuries
Ankle and Foot Injuries
Chapter 7. Upper-Extremity Injuries
Wrist and Hand Injuries
Chapter 8. Head, Neck, and Trunk Injuries
William C. Whiting, PhD, is a professor and director of the biomechanics laboratory in the department of kinesiology at California State University at Northridge (CSUN) and an adjunct professor in the department of physiological science at UCLA. He has taught undergraduate and graduate courses in biomechanics and human anatomy for more than 25 years. As an author and researcher, Whiting has written more than 60 research articles, abstracts, and book chapters, along with two other books, Dynatomy: Dynamic Human Anatomy and the first edition of this book, both published by Human Kinetics, Inc.
Whiting has served on many editorial boards, including Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Strength and Conditioning Journal, ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal, and American Council on Exercise, FitnessMatters. He also serves as a reviewer for numerous journals, including Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Strength and Conditioning Journal, Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Kinesiology, and ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal.
Ronald F. Zernicke, PhD, is a professor at the University of Michigan in the division of kinesiology and the departments of orthopaedic surgery and biomedical engineering. He is also the director of the Musculoskeletal and Sport Injury Prevention Center.
Before moving to Ann Arbor in 2007, Zernicke was professor and chair of the department of kinesiology at UCLA and was professor for joint injury research at the University of Calgary faculties of kinesiology (dean, 1998-2005), medicine, and engineering. At the University of Calgary, Zernicke was the executive director of the Alberta Bone and Joint Health Institute and served as director of the Alberta Provincial CIHR training program in bone and joint health, a combined graduate program of the University of Calgary and University of Alberta.
Zernicke has taught courses in biomechanics and injury mechanisms at the university level for more than 30 years. He received the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award as well as the City of Calgary Community Achievement Award in Education. He has authored more than 545 peer-reviewed research publications and two books, including the first edition of this book, which received the Preeminent Scholarly Publication Award from CSUN in 2002.
Zernicke has served on the editorial boards of Journal of Motor Behavior, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, Journal of Biomechanics, and Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and the Canadian Society of Biomechanics and an international fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.